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pascal_inv.m

## Copyright (C) 1995, 1996, 1997  Kurt Hornik
## 
## This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
## it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
## the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
## any later version.
## 
## This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
## WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
## MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
## General Public License for more details. 
## 
## You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
## along with this file.  If not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
## 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.

## usage:  pascal_inv (x, n, p)
##
## For each element of x, compute the quantile at x of the Pascal
## (negative binomial) distribution with parameters n and p.
##
## The number of failures in a Bernoulli experiment with success
## probability p before the n-th success follows this distribution.

## Author:  KH <Kurt.Hornik@ci.tuwien.ac.at>
## Description:  Quantile function of the Pascal distribution

function inv = pascal_inv (x, n, p)
  
  if (nargin != 3)
    usage ("pascal_inv (x, n, p)");
  endif

  [retval, x, n, p] = common_size (x, n, p);
  if (retval > 0)
    error (["pascal_inv:  ", ...
          "x, n and p must be of common size or scalar"]);
  endif
  
  [r, c] = size (x);
  s = r * c;
  x   = reshape (x, 1, s);
  n   = reshape (n, 1, s);
  p   = reshape (p, 1, s);
  inv = zeros (1, s);

  k = find (isnan (x) | (x < 0) | (x > 1) | (n < 1) | (n == Inf) ...
      | (n != round (n)) | (p < 0) | (p > 1));
  if any (k)
    inv(k) = NaN * ones (1, length (k));
  endif
  
  k = find ((x == 1) & (n > 0) & (n < Inf) & (n == round (n)) ...
      & (p >= 0) & (p <= 1));
  if any (k)
    inv(k) = Inf * ones (1, length (k));
  endif
  
  k = find ((x >= 0) & (x < 1) & (n > 0) & (n < Inf) ...
      & (n == round (n)) & (p > 0) & (p <= 1));
  if any (k)
    x = x(k);
    n = n(k);
    p = p(k);
    m = zeros (1, length (k));
    s = p .^ n;
    while (1)
      l = find (s < x);
      if any (l)
      m(l) = m(l) + 1;
      s(l) = s(l) + pascal_pdf (m(l), n(l), p(l));
      else
      break;
      endif
    endwhile
    inv(k) = m;
  endif
 
  inv = reshape (inv, r, c);
  
endfunction

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